Bloomington-Normal union has trained plumbers, pipe fitters for over a century | Local Business


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This screen capture of a promotional video for Plumbers and Pipe Fitters Local 99 shows apprentices learning trade crafts. 

BLOOMINGTON — If you’re driving down the road and see a large building going up, laborers from Plumbers and Pipe Fitters Local 99 have their hands in it.

That is, of course, along with carpenters, painters, drywall finishers and other trade workers.

From major organizations like State Farm, YMCA, Carle Health, and OSF HealthCare, to smaller-scale operations in restaurants and bars, each has benefited from plumbing and pipe fitting laborers, according to training coordinator Scott Spaid.

He added their 385-member union is over 100 years strong, having been founded in 1899. They’re involved in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors, as well as pipe fitting water mains and treatment facilities.

“When the Clinton power plant came, we were all involved in town,” he said. “When the Mitsubishi plant came to town, we were involved.”

“Rivian is a big deal,” he added. “They’ve got every trade craft out there at the moment.”

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He said their apprentices are taught a wide range of skills across their five-year program. For plumbing, that includes working with PVC, copper or cast iron piping.

Spaid said apprentices learn how to either solder or braze copper pipe, glue PCV pipe, or connect no-hub cast iron pipe, and they’ll need to pass an exam by year four covering state codes.

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In this Pantagraph file photo from 2005, Jack Gibson of McLean, with Plumbers and Pipe Fitters Local 99 and employed by Xcell Mechanical Systems of Mackinaw, installs refrigerant line for the Bent Elementary School air conditioning in Bloomington. The school installed 19 new air conditioning units in the summer of 2005.

“When you’re getting into pipe fitting, you’re talking larger steel pipes,” he said. “That’s where we get into welding, pipe fitting, and that requires a great deal of math, including algebra and trigonometry, and heavy rigging.”

Local 99 also offers heating, ventilation and air conditioning training. Spaid said that means working on refrigeration units at groceries stores, and heating applications like furnaces and boilers.

“Some people that come to our program will elect to specialize,” he said. “There’s others that can do almost all of it; it’s up to the individual to decide what they want to do.”

In total, the apprenticeship program requires 248 hours of classroom time annually and 1,700 hours of field time. Spaid said apprentices are paid to learn the trade, instead of taking on thousands of dollars of debt for a college degree.

“The school costs you nothing, it’s an on-the-job program,” he said, adding the education is covered as long as you stay in the trade when you get out.

“Trade craft across the board is seeing a decline in younger generations being interested in it,” he said. “That comes from our children nowadays are raised to go to school and go to college.”

Spaid said some people are naturally more interested in crafts and mechanics, and would rather work with their hands.


In this file photo, Plumbers and Pipe Fitters Local 99 union members march in the Labor Day parade through downtown Bloomington in 2017.

David Proeber

According to the training coordinator, apprentices could start at $80,000 to $100,000 per year right off the bat after completing the program. Additionally, they could then move on to getting their associate degree if they want to, for about another 120 hours of class time.

“It’s definitely an essential skill set,” he said. ”Labor shortage does come into play.”

“We sacrifice our bodies — it’s a labor of love,” Spaid continued.

“It’s not sitting at a desk where it’s heated and cooled all day,” he said, adding he’s not docking on white-collar work.

“We pride ourselves in what we do at the risk of our own health,” Spaid said. “It’s one of the reasons we are compensated well.”

For more information about Local 99’s apprenticeship program, visit

Rivian’s direct-to-consumers sales model leaves questions unanswered for who will receive an allocation of sales tax.